Despite the widespread outbreak of avian influenza virus A(H5N1) among poultry flocks, there have only been a limited number of confirmed human cases in Jakarta and far away from Bali. The vast majority of human infections have occurred in people working in or living near poultry farms and animal markets. Although there has been one episode of probable human-to-human transmission in Thailand, this was limited to close family members.
The virus has also been detected in pigs. There is no evidence that the virus has acquired the ability to spread easily between humans. No travelers or expatriates have been infected.
Although surveillance and case detection continues to improve, it is possible that the true number of human infections and poultry outbreaks may be higher than officially reported.
There appears to be little risk for travelers and expatriates at this time!
• Most or all humans infected have been in close contact with sick birds • There is no need to alter travel plans • Avoid live animal markets and poultry and pig farms in affected countries • Do not handle sick or dead birds • Avoid touching any surfaces that may be contaminated by poultry droppings, and do not swim in any body of water that is used by birds • Always maintain high levels of personal hygiene. Frequent handwashing is very important. Wash hands before and after food preparation • The virus has been detected in processed poultry (frozen duck meat). The influenza virus is destroyed by heat. Poultry and poultry products that will be consumed, including eggs, must be thoroughly cooked. The inner temperature of meat must reach 70°C/158° F. Wash eggs before use, and then wash your hands. NEVER consume raw poultry products, such as raw duck blood. Also thoroughly cook any pork products before consuming.
For more info contact Jenny Williams
International SOS - Bali T: 0361 710505, www.sos-bali.com